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IC 7815 Voltage Regulator: Pinout, Datasheet and How to Use

Published Published: Dec 01, 2023     

What is IC 7815

The IC 7815 is a fixed-voltage integrated circuit voltage regulator commonly used in electronic circuits to maintain a constant output voltage despite fluctuations in the input voltage. The designation "7815" signifies its specific characteristics:

IC 7815

  • "78" Prefix: Indicates that it is a positive voltage regulator.
  • "15" Suffix: Specifies that its output voltage is 15V.

Key features and characteristics of the IC 7815 include:

Output Voltage: Provides a stable +15V output voltage, suitable for powering various electronic components and circuits.

Maximum Output Current: Capable of delivering a maximum output current of 1.5 amperes (1.5A).

Heat Dissipation: Due to inherent power dissipation, especially at higher current loads, it is recommended to use a heatsink to dissipate excess heat generated by the IC.

Wide Range of Applications: Designed for a diverse range of applications where a fixed +15V voltage source is required, often used to power TTL (Transistor-Transistor Logic) components conveniently.

Package Variants: Available in various packages including TO-220, TO-220FP, TO-3, and D2PAK, offering flexibility in terms of installation and compatibility with different circuit designs.

The IC 7815, being a member of the 78xx series of voltage regulators, plays a significant role in stabilizing and providing consistent voltage outputs in electronic systems, making it a staple component in many projects and circuits requiring a regulated +15V power supply.

How to Use a 7815 Voltage Regulator

To effectively utilize a 7815 voltage regulator in a circuit, follow these steps:

How to Use a 7815 Voltage Regulator

Components Required:

  • LM7815 Voltage Regulator IC
  • Two ceramic capacitors: 0.33μF (input capacitor) and 0.1μF (output capacitor)

Circuit Connection:

Step1. Identify Capacitors' Roles:

  • Input Capacitor (0.33μF): This capacitor resolves input inductance issues and improves stability.
  • Output Capacitor (0.1μF): It further enhances circuit stability and performance.

Step2. Placement of Capacitors:

  • Place the capacitors close to the terminals of the voltage regulator. This proximity ensures efficient operation.

Step3. Ceramic Capacitor Choice:

  • Use ceramic capacitors for both input and output. Ceramic capacitors offer quicker response times compared to electrolytic capacitors.

Step4. Connection Procedure:

  • Connect the 0.33μF ceramic capacitor as the input capacitor, dealing with input inductance concerns.
  • Attach the 0.1μF ceramic capacitor as the output capacitor, enhancing circuit stability.

Guidelines for Usage:

Ensure the capacitors are ceramic and of the specified values (0.33μF and 0.1μF) for effective functionality.

Position the capacitors close to the IC terminals for optimal performance and stability.

This configuration adheres to the recommended setup for using a 7815 voltage regulator in a circuit. The capacitors play vital roles in managing input inductance issues and enhancing overall stability, crucial for the regulator's efficient operation.

Here is a voltage regulator IC 7815 tutorial with experiments(Video)

IC 7815 Pinout

IC 7815 Pinout

Pin Configuration

Pin Number

Pin Name



Input (V+)

Unregulated Input Voltage



Connected to Ground


Output (Vo)

Outputs Regulated +5V

IC 7815 Features

  • Output Voltage: 15V
  • Minimum Input Voltage: 17V
  • Maximum Input Voltage: 35V
  • Output Current: Up to 1.5 Amperes (1.5 A)
  • Internal Thermal Overload and Short Circuit Current Limiting Protection: Integrated internal protection against thermal overload and short circuit current limiting.
  • Maximum Junction Temperature: 125 ℃
  • Package Availability: Comes in TO-220, TO-3, and KTE packages.

IC 7815 Application

Application Diagram

IC 7815 Application diagram

Constant +15V Output Regulator for Microcontrollers and Sensors

Ideal for providing a stable +15V output to power microcontrollers, sensors, and various electronic projects.

Adjustable Output Regulator

Can be utilized as an adjustable voltage regulator in certain setups or circuits.

Current Limiting

Used as a current limiter in specific applications where controlling or limiting current flow is necessary.

Regulated Dual Supply

Employed in circuits requiring a regulated dual power supply configuration.

Output Polarity Reversal Protection Circuit

Used to implement circuits that protect against output polarity reversal, ensuring safety and preventing potential damage to connected components.

Battery Charging Circuitry

Utilized in designing battery charging circuits for maintaining stable voltage outputs during charging processes.

Voltage Stabilization for Audio Amplifiers

Used to stabilize voltages in audio amplifier circuits, ensuring consistent and distortion-free audio output.

Industrial Automation Systems

Incorporated in various industrial automation systems for regulating voltage to power control modules and sensors.

LM7815 Power Supply Circuit

To obtain the intermediate supply voltage, the regulator IC LM7815 is used here. its output is propagated through R17 and R1 reads the output current of the MOSFET T ".

LM7815 Power Supply Circuit

The MOSFET operates through operational amplifier IC1 in a configuration similar to a voltage regulator. In this lab, power supply circuits R11 and C4 establish the bandwidth of the control loop, thereby eliminating oscillations as the frequency increases.

Resistor R15 ensures that capacitive loads with reduced effective resistance do not cause the control loop to become unstable. Current negative feedback of the AC component through R12 and C5 makes the circuit completely reliable even when large capacitors are used at the power supply output.

The negative feedback of the DC component through the low-pass filter is established by resistor R14 and capacitor C6. This configuration ensures that the voltage drop generated at the ends of resistor R15 is effectively compensated.

Output capacitor C7 provides a low impedance source for high frequency loads. In the absence of an output load, resistor R16 helps capacitor C17 to discharge whenever the set voltage decreases.

The IC1D section operates in a similar manner to a current regulator. Again, to ensure that the lab power supply operates with perfect stability, the bandwidth of the feedback loop is limited by resistor R19 and capacitor C8.

If the voltage drop generated across resistor R17 is higher than the value preset for P2 adjustment, the circuit's current limiting function is activated and transistor T2 is triggered.

This action then reduces the input voltage to the voltage regulation circuit level until the specified output current is reached. Resistors R7 and R9 and capacitor C3 ensure that proper regulation of the current does not produce an overshoot of the output voltage and that no resonance effect occurs when an inductive load is connected at the output.

IC 7815 Equivalent Parts





Output Voltage




Input Voltage Range




Output Current

Up to 1.5 Amperes (1.5A)

Up to 1.5 Amperes (1.5A)


Package Type

TO-220, TO-220FP, TO-3, D2PAK

TO-220, TO-220FP, TO-3, D2PAK

TO-220, TO-220FP, TO-3, D2PAK


National Semiconductor, Texas Instruments, etc.

National Semiconductor, Texas Instruments, etc.

National Semiconductor, Texas Instruments, etc.

7815 IC Datasheet PDF

IC 7815 Datasheet PDF>>


In conclusion, the IC 7815, as a member of fixed-voltage integrated circuit voltage regulators, plays a vital role in maintaining a steady output voltage of +15V in electronic circuits. With a maximum output current of 1.5 amperes and available in various packages, it serves diverse application needs. Utilizing two ceramic capacitors strategically placed near the voltage regulator terminals is essential to effectively manage input inductance issues and enhance stability, crucial for the regulator's optimal performance.

Overall, the IC 7815 finds wide application across various scenarios, powering microcontrollers, sensors, and serving as a current limiter or voltage stabilizer in different circuits. Additionally, it can be substituted by equivalents such as LM340-15, LM7915, or LM317, each offering unique specifications and features.

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  • How does the IC 7815 compare to other voltage regulators?
  • It is part of the 78xx series, which includes regulators with different output voltages. It is similar to other linear voltage regulators like the 7805 (5V output) and 7812 (12V output), but it provides a +15V output specifically.
  • Is the IC 7815 a positive or negative voltage regulator?
  • It is a positive voltage regulator. It provides a positive output voltage.
  • What is the input voltage range for the IC 7815?
  • The input voltage should be higher than the desired regulated output voltage. Typically, it can handle input voltages ranging from a few volts above the regulated output voltage up to around 35V.
  • What is the maximum output current of the IC 7815?
  • The maximum output current is typically around 1.5A. This means it can supply a load drawing up to 1.5 amperes of current while maintaining a regulated +15V output.
  • What is the function of the IC 7815?
  • It regulates an unregulated input voltage and provides a stable +15V output voltage. It is commonly used in electronic circuits to ensure a constant voltage supply to components.
  • What is the IC 7815?
  • It is a type of linear voltage regulator integrated circuit. It is part of the 78xx series of voltage regulators, specifically designed to provide a regulated +15V output.